Purnama – Fullmoon Ceremony

Story of the purnama or Full Moon Ceremony

The worship is meant when the full moon is addressed before the Sanghyang Candra, and Sanghyang Ketu as the god of brilliance to implore the perfection and the sacred light of Ida Sanghyang Widhi Wasa in various forms of Ista Dewata. Usually on this holy day, it is mentioned that Hindus give Daksina and Canang Sari to every pelinggih and pelangkiran in every house.In general among Hindus, strongly believes in the high sense of purity on the full moon, so that day is mentioned with the word “Devasa Ayu“. Therefore, every coming of the holy days that coincide with the full moon then the implementation of the ceremony is called, “Nadi“. But in fact not every day Purnama called ayu depending also from Patemon dina in calculation wariga. Continue reading

Baris Warrior Dance

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Baris-warrior-dance

Literally means warrior formation, Baris is a warrior dance usually danced by men. The movements are dramatic. It is hard to distinguish whether it is the dancer that follows the orchestra, or the other way around. Or you can say that they both go off into their own dimensions, yet at certain well-defined points, meet to create an astounding tapestry. The dancers wear elaborate head decoration, from a gold-colored head band to leaves and strings of cempaka blossoms. Variants of this dance are sometimes danced by children and women.

Ramayana’s Story

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ramayana’s-story

Early Stories told Sri Rama is a crown prince of the Ayodya Kingdom. One day, due to the cunning of Kekayi (stepmother), Sri rama was exiled to Dadanka Forest accompanied by his younger brother (Laksmana) and his wife (Goddess Sita). Hearing the news that they were exiled, Rahwana (King Alengka) who admired the beauty of the confounded goddess, making a ploy to kidnap the goddess of confiscation assisted by his Patih (Marica). With magic, Marica transformed into a beautiful golden deer. Because the Goddess Sita is attracted by the golden deer, the Goddess Sita asks Rama to catch the deer for her. Rama was chasing the golden deer and entrusted the goddess to Laksmana.

laksmana

rama-sita-laksmana

After a while, Rama does not return and the goddess begins to worry. He asked Laksmana to follow the Rama into the middle of the forest. Laksmana had refused because he had promised to Rama not to leave the goddess alone. But because Laksmana pity to see the goddess sad, finally he followed the Rama.

rahwana-sita

rahwana-kidnaps-sita

Before Laksmana leaves, he makes a circle of fire that surrounds the Goddess Sita with his kris (weapon) so that no one can kidnap it. But there is taboo; Goddess Sita can’t get out of the fire. No less sensible, a very cunning Rahwana transformed into an old grandfather. Rahwana who transformed into an old grandfather approached the goddess of confiscation. Old grandfather (Rahwana) is asking alms to Goddess Sita. Because Goddess Sita pity to see the grandfather, GoddessSita  gave alms and out of the circle of fire. At that time Rahwana returns to its original form (Monster with ten heads) and brings the goddess Sita to the Alengka Kingdom.

On a trip to Alengka, a bird named Jatayu (friend of Rama) sees Rahwana going with Sita, then Jatayu pursues Rahwana and engages the fight. Unfortunately Jatayu lost the battle. With severe injuries, Jatayu goes to find Rama and Laksmana to report the incident. After reporting to Rama and Laksmana, Jatayu finally died.

Hanuman

Hanuman-burned-alengka-kingdom

Hanuman was sent to go to the Alengka Kingdom to know the power of Rahwana’s army.Upon arriving at Alengka, Hanuman saw Goddess Sita and told the purpose of his arrival. Hanuman begins to make trouble in the Alengka Kingdom until finally Hanuman is captured by Rahwana troops. Hanuman was then sentenced with fire. Instead of burning, Hanuman instead burned the entire contents of the kingdom. After which Hanuman returned and reported the incident.

Rama vs Rahwana.jpg
Rama and Laksmana and the troops of Hanuman’s monkeys set out to attack Alengka .Initially Alengka kingdom led by Indrajid, after Indrajid lost against Rama troops, Alengka troops led by Kumbakarna (Rahwana’s brother).Kumbakarna can also be buried by Rama troops. Finally Rahwana came down to face Rama. In the battle that is very terrible Rahwana also died from Rama heirloom arrows and flanked by Mount Sumawana who brought Hanuman. 

sita'strial-by-fire

After the war ended, Rama became extinct Sita. Would Rama refuse to return to Sita and assume Sita has been tainted by Rahwana. So Rama asked for proof of his sanctity, which is self-fortifying. Because of his holiness and helped by the God of Fire, Dewi Sita was saved and Rama received it back with a sense of emotion and happiness. They went back to Ayodya Kingdom to take the kingdom.

Ngaben Ceremony

bali-ngaben

ngaben-sacred-ceremony

The body of the deceased will be placed as if sleeping, and the family will continue to treat the deceased as sleeping. No tears are shed, because the deceased is only temporarily not present and will reincarnate or find his final rest in Moksha (freeing from the reincarnation and death cycle).
The proper day of the Ngaben ceremony is always a matter of consulting a specialist on ceremony days. On the day of the ceremony, the body of the deceased is placed inside a coffin. This coffin is placed inside a sarcophagus resembling a buffalo (Lembu) or in a temple structure (Wadah) made of paper and wood. The buffalo or temple structure will be carried to the cremation site in a procession. The procession of Ngaben is not walking in a straight line. This is to confuse bad spirits and keep them away from the deceased.
Ngaben is one of the most important ceremonies in Bali. Because human body is consist of 10 basic elements. One 5 elements we call as Panca Maha Butha or five macro cosmos element: Pertiwi (soil), Apah (water), Teja (fire), Bayu (air) and Akasa (ether or space). And the other 5 memories elements we call as Panca Tan Matra which is the five elements that influence us from our sense which is consist of: Ganda (from the nose or smell), Rasa (from the tongue), Rupa (from the eyes), Sparsa (from the skin sense), Sabda (from the ears).  Continue reading

Ngurek-Balinese extreme tradition

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ngurek-extreme-tradition

Bali is very popular with its customs diversity and culture. Majority of Balinese still retain their ancestral heritage. One of the traditions is ngurek that very extreme. Ngurek done by hurt own self by sticking a Keris weapon to the body and done in a state of unconsciousness .Ngurek is very closely related to religious rituals of Hindu and carried out in most areas of Bali as a form of devotion to God.

ngurek,extreme,tradition,culture,art,heritage,

ngurek-Balinese-tradition

Ngurek comes from the word “urek” which means punching or poking. Surprisingly the person who was doing Ngurek seemed not to feel pain is caused by “supernatural help” in the process possessed by a spirit other than the essence of its own soul.. But usually abstinence can’t be arrogant.

ngurek-tradition-bali.jpgNgurek tradition is not known when it started, it is said this happened in the kingdom of glory. At that time the king wanted to make a party whose purpose was to show gratitude to the creator and at the same time to please his soldiers. After the number of ceremonies, then start the stage, ranging from cockfighting, to the dances that show superiority the soldiers.

Barong type may not be known – Let’s see

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barong-bali-culture

Barong is one of character in mythology of Bali. Barong is the king of spirits and leader of the hosts of good.The main enemy of Barong is rangda. The battle between Barong and Rangda is featured in Barong dance to represent the eternal battle between good and evil.But do you know if Barong my types with different appearance ? check this out. Continue reading

Mejejaitan and Metanding

Balinese Women “Main Subject” in Their Life

As we know Bali is the best tourist destination in the world which offers interesting culture and unique Balinese daily life. Tradition or culture can’t spread from Balinese people daily life like dance, subak irrigation system and many more. The majority of Balinese people are Hindu, because of that, they must make the offering. The process to make offering was called by Mejejaitan and Metanding. Continue reading