Saraswati as the Goddess of Knowledge

Saraswati, as the name implies, comes from the name of one goddess who became the wife of the god Brahma, namely Goddess Saraswati. Dewi Saraswati is believed to be a goddess who brings protection and plenty of knowledge and literature.
Saraswati, as quoted from the official page of Parisada Hindu Dharma Indonesia (Indonesia Hindus Organization), comes from saras and wati. The word saras comes from the word “sr” which means the spring or something that keeps flowing, while saras has the meaning of having. If interpreted in full, Saraswati means something that has flow of life water or science.
She is portrayed as a beautiful four-legged goddess who sits on a lotus while carrying some objects in his hand and accompanied by a peacock and a goose. Meanwhile, everything which is inherent in Goddess Saraswati including herself has meaning. And also, it related to science.

Beautiful and Attractive Face

She has a beautiful and attractive face means that science is something beautiful, gorgeous, and it is able to attract many people to learn. In addition, objects that are held by her also have a meaning.

Genitri or Tasbih

Genitri or tasbih symbolized as the eternity of science which is not limited to be studied, Lontar interpreted that science is holy and useful for humans, as well as Veena or musical instruments symbolizes that science is a beauty that can be enjoyed throughout life and can chill our mind.

The Lotus

The lotus where she sits with the swan and peacock that accompany her also has meaning, just like any other element. The lotus is a flower that lives in water and muddy areas. Despite living in such a place, the lotus can live and be free of wet and dirty water. It symbolizes the sanctity of The Almighty God of its creation on earth.

Swan and Peacock

Swan that lives in muddy places is symbolized as wisdom. Their ability to discriminate between food and mud illustrates how a reasonable human being can differentiate between good and evil. The peacock that has beautiful fur means an egoism of knowledge but it is having creativity with full of wisdom.
All elements owned by Goddess Saraswati surely have a meaning associated with science learned by many people on this earth. The illustrated description shows that science has many good characteristics for every human being who wants to learn it in life.

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Temple Layout in Bali

Bali is widely known as an awesome island located in Indonesia. Many people call Bali as an island of a thousand temple because almost all of the people in Bali are Hindus and they have temple in their home as well as there are so many historical temples built by the forefather in empire era. It makes Bali has so many temples which are awfully interesting to be visited by the foreigners or tourists.

Temple Layout

Basically, the temple in Bali is extremely different with the other temple where the area of temple is surrounded by carved wall. The concept of Tri Mandala as the symbol of Tri Bhuana is used by the people in constructing the temple in which the temple is divided into three categories, those are Nista Mandala, Madya Mandala, and Utama Mandala.

Nista Mandala

Nista Mandala or Jaba Pisan is the outside area of a temple. There is usually yard or field which is used to hold Balinese dance, Calonarang (Balinese sacral dance) and also to do preparation for the ceremony of the temple. Before entering nista mandala, you will pass a large carved gateway. Your mind, behaviour, and action must be unadulterated in passing it because after you are already in the area of temple which is sacred by people in Bali.

Madya Mandala

Madya Mandala or Jaba Tengah is the middle are of a temple. There are some buildings in Madya Mandala such as hall, building for cooking or serving food and drink which is known as balai pesandekan in Bali, balai kulkul or Balinese drum pavilion (special building for hanging Balinese traditional communication tool made by using bamboo or wood). You have to enter this area firstly before going to the next area.

Utama Mandala

Utama Mandala or Jero is the main area or the innermost area in a temple. It is the most sacred area where the Hindus do their prayer. Utama Mandala and Madya Mandala are separated by a wall with three gates. The main gate is larger than the other two gates and its position is in the middle. In this area, there are some main buildings such as Padmasana (shrines) and Balai Piyasan (special building for the man of God).

Ngurek – Balinese Extreme Tradition

Ngurek

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Ngurek – Extreme Tradition

Bali is very popular with its customs diversity and culture. Majority of Balinese still retain their ancestral heritage. One of the traditions is ngurek that very extreme. Ngurek done by hurt own self by sticking a Keris weapon to the body and done in a state of unconsciousness .Ngurek is very closely related to religious rituals of Hindu and carried out in most areas of Bali as a form of devotion to God.

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Ngurek

Ngurek comes from the word “urek” which means punching or poking. Surprisingly the person who was doing Ngurek seemed not to feel pain is caused by “supernatural help” in the process possessed by a spirit other than the essence of its own soul.. But usually abstinence can’t be arrogant.

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Ngurek Tradition

Ngurek tradition is not known when it started, it is said this happened in the kingdom of glory. At that time the king wanted to make a party whose purpose was to show gratitude to the creator and at the same time to please his soldiers. After the number of ceremonies, then start the stage, ranging from cockfighting, to the dances that show superiority the soldiers.

The Story Of Ramayana

Ramayana’s Story

Once upon a time, Sri Rama is a crown prince of the Ayodya Kingdom. One day, due to the cunning of Kekayi (stepmother), Sri Rama was exiled to Dadanka Forest accompanied by his younger brother (Laksmana) and his wife (Goddess Sita).

The Story Of Ramayana

Once upon a time, Sri Rama is a crown prince of the Ayodya Kingdom. One day, due to the cunning of Kekayi (stepmother), Sri Rama was exiled to Dadanka Forest accompanied by his younger brother (Laksmana) and his wife (Goddess Sita).

 

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Sita Interested The Golden Dear

Hearing the news that they were exiled, Rahwana (King Alengka) who admired the beauty of the confounded goddess, making a ploy to kidnap the goddess of confiscation assisted by his Patih (Marica). With magic, Marica transformed into a beautiful golden deer. Because the Goddess Sita is attracted by the golden deer, the Goddess Sita asks Rama to catch the deer for her. Rama was chasing the golden deer and entrusted the goddess to Laksmana.

After a long time , Rama does not return and the goddess begins to worry. He asked Laksmana to follow the Rama into the middle of the forest. Laksmana had refused because he had promised to Rama not to leave the goddess alone. But because Laksmana pity to see the goddess sad, finally he followed the Rama.

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Rahwana Kidnaps Sita

Before Laksmana leaves, he makes a circle of fire that surrounds the Goddess Sita with his kris (weapon) so that no one can kidnap it. But there is taboo Goddess Sita can’t get out of the fire. No less sensible, a very cunning Rahwana transformed into an old grandfather. Rahwana who transformed into an old grandfather approached the goddess of confiscation. Old grandfather (Rahwana) is asking alms to Goddess Sita. Because Goddess Sita pity to see the old man , Goddess Sita  gave alms and out of the circle of fire. At that time Rahwana returns to its original form (Monster with ten heads) and brings the goddess Sita to the Alengka Kingdom.

 

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Jatayu VS Rahwana

On a trip to Alengka, a bird named Jatayu (friend of Rama) sees Rahwana going with Sita, then Jatayu pursues Rahwana and engages the fight. Unfortunately Jatayu lost the battle. With severe injuries, Jatayu goes to find Rama and Laksmana to report the incident. After reporting to Rama and Laksmana, Jatayu finally died.

 

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Rama And Laksmana Met Hanuman

In the middle of the journey Rama and Laksmana meet Hanuman (commander of monkeys) who are heading to kiskenda kingdom to attack King Subali (monkey king). Hanuman asks for help to rama and laksmana to attack the king of Subali and promises to help Rama rescue sitta. they also attacked the Kiskenda kingdom together. with his righteous arrows, Rama was able to win the battle. Then, They went to Alengka Kingdom

 

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Hanuman Saw Sita

Hanuman was went to go to the Alengka Kingdom to know the power of Rahwana’s army. Upon arriving at Alengka, Hanuman saw  Sita and told the purpose of his arrival. Hanuman begins to make trouble in the Alengka Kingdom until finally Hanuman is captured by Rahwana troops. Hanuman was then sentenced with fire. Instead of burning, Hanuman instead burned the entire contents of the kingdom. After which Hanuman returned and reported the incident.

 

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Ramayana Hits The Rahwana

Rama and Laksmana and the troops of Hanuman’s monkeys set out to attack Alengka . Initially Alengka kingdom led by Indrajid, after Indrajid lost against Rama troops, Alengka troops led by Kumbakarna (Rahwana’s brother). Kumbakarna can also be buried by Rama troops. Finally Rahwana came down to face Rama. In the battle that is very terrible Rahwana also died from Rama heirloom arrows and flanked by Mount Sumawana who brought Hanuman. 

 

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God Fire Helps Goddess Sita

After the war ended, Rama became extinct Sita. Would Rama refuse to return to Sita and assume Sita has been tainted by Rahwana. So Rama asked for proof of his sanctity, which is self-fortifying. Because of his holiness and helped by the God of Fire, Dewi Sita was saved and Rama received it back with a sense of emotion and happiness. They went back to Ayodya Kingdom to take the kingdom.

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Ending Of Story Of Ramayana

Makepung – Buffalo Race Tradition

Makepung

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Makepung Race

Makepung which in Indonesian means to pursue, is a tradition of race buffalo race that has long been attached to the people of Bali, especially in Jembrana Regency.  A Regency located in the Western Bali with a distance of 2 – 3 hours from the Ngurah Rai Airport. Makepung that has existed since the 1930s was originally just a game of farmers conducted on the sidelines of the plowing of rice fields in the harvest season. At that time, they clashed quickly with a spurred buffalo attached to a cart and controlled by a jockey.

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Makepung Race

The days into years roll by , Makepung grows and more and more popular among people. Some changes occur from the number of buffalo used, the size of buffalo and cart. Makepung has become one of the most interesting cultural attractions and is widely watched by tourists including foreign tourists. Furthermore, this race of buffalo race has become an annual tourist agenda in Bali and managed professionally since 1970.

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Makepung Buffalo Race

Buffalo Race Makepung

Since 1970, Makepung race is the most awaited tradition. Each year Makepung is followed by at least tens of pairs of buffalo and hundreds of others following the “buffalo fashion show”. Makepung usually in the race every August – November in some areas in Jembrana RegencyMakepung race starts in the morning around 7.30. The audience even came from all walks of life. Starting from farmers, tourists, employees, and even entrepreneurs. the total audience can reach 10,000 people.

Technical of Makepung race is every participant must be able to reach the finish line first with a U-shaped ground circuit for 1 – 2 kilometers to be a winner. In every race of Makepung, the total prize can reach almost 100 million rupiah or 7500 US Dollar. During the race, Makepung is accompanied by “Jegog” (traditional musical instrument of Jembrana Regency) made of bamboo.

Tips For Watching Makepung

  • Using trekking clothes (because of the race on the road in the fields)
  • Guided by local guide
  • Keep the distance during the race
  • You can using umbrella

Gebug Ende – Tradition Of Begs For Rain

Gebug Ende

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Gebug Ende Bali

Gebug Ende is one of the hereditary traditions conducted by Seraya Village . The village is a village with a farming community. This village is located in Karangasem district, east of Bali or 2 hours 30 minutes from Ngurah Rai Airport. Gebug Ende is usually done every year in September or October.

History of Gebug Ende

Gebug Ende comes from two words. Gebug and Ende. Gebug means hit and Ende means shield. Gebug eventually became a war dance dedicated God Indra in the hope of being rained. It is said that ancient Krama Seraya village is war soldier King of Karangasem assigned to attack or attack a kingdom in West Lombok is the Seleparang Kingdom Because at that time the original Seraya people were immune (strong) so was made a fort by the king of Karangasem so that the Seleparang Kindom was defeated Karangasem Kingdom. Not content to fight against enemy and spirit of knight still blazing then fight with your own friends, attack each other (with and deflect with the tools brought).

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Gebug Ende Weapon

Along with the development of the era then created a game dance Gebug Ende which can be played down through generations and witnessed until now. Spears, swords and shields used in ancient times were replaced with rattan and ende equipment. In addition Seraya Village is a dry area and accompanied by a dry season that never ended. The rain awaited by the public well has not shown any signs of going down. The results of the village parade resulted in a ritual begging for rainfall with Gebug Ende. According to the beliefs of this dance community needs a sacred or sacred, especially when the dance / game is one can supplement the opponent’s body by removing blood it will quickly rain.

In the tradition of Gebug Ende

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Gebug Ende Karangasem

First all participants and all villagers gather together and pray for salvation during the Gebug Ende tradition. Then all gathered at the point of the tradition. After that the participants are divided into the next two they fight each other. During the war, they were accompanied by Gamelan (traditional Balinese music). Gebug Ende is getting louder with the cries of the audience plus if one of the participants is hurt.

Tips Watching Gebug Ende

  • Keep distance during Gebug Ende started
  • Using Balinese Clothes
  • Guided with local guided

Tipat-Bantal War – How Balinese Do Thanksgiving

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Tipat Bantal War

Tipat-Bantal War is cushion closely related to the agricultural life of the community in the Kapal Village, where this tradition is carried out as a thanksgiving to God for the life He created and the abundance of crops in Kapal Village. Tradition of Aci Rah Penganggon or Tipat-Bantal War is held every Fourth Month in Bali calendar (Sasih Kapat) around September – October.

Kapal Village is one of the traditional villages in Bali that is rich in uniqueness of customs and culture. This village located about 20 Kilometers or 40 minutes from Ngurah Rai AirportKapal Village is included in the District of Mengwi Badung Regency has a variety of unique and interesting traditions that are still ongoing until now. One of them is the implementation of the tradition of Aci Rah Penganggon or better known by the local people as Tipat – Bantal War

What’s Are Tipat and Bantal ?

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Tipat Bantal

Tipat and Bantal are processed food made from rice wrapped in woven Janur or coconut leaves are still young rectangular, while the pillow is processed foods made from glutinous rice processing which is also wrapped with woven Janur but elliptical. These two things are a symbolization of the existence of masculine energy and feminism that exist in this universe, which in Hindu concept is called Purusha – Predana.

In The Ritual Of Tipat Bantal War

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Tipat Bantal War Bali

The ritual that took place at Kapal Temple was started with a prayer ceremony together by the whole Kapal Village. At the ceremony, the saints will splash the holy water to beg for the safety of the participants of this Tipat-Bantal War. Soon some men took off their shirts and shirtless. They are divided into two groups and stand face to face. After the cue began, the shirtless men began to throw the tip and the cushion into the group in front of them. The atmosphere was upset when typhus and pillows began flying in the air. Then the action of throwing Tipats and Bantals is paused. Residents began to move out of the temple and now they are preparing on the highway in front of the Kapal  Temple and stood in groups, and facing each other about 15 meters.The atmosphere came again when the rituals began again. Residents throwing Tipat and Bantal was blindly screaming and laughing.

Tipat-Bantal War becomes more exciting when the spectators standing on the sidewalks take and throw the Tipat. Quite often there is a stray Tipat toward the audience or photographer who was perpetuating the moment. Some of the residents who watched shouted and took refuge.

Tips Watching Tipat Bantal War at Kapal Village

  • Keep distance during the ceremony
  • Using Balinese Clothes
  • Don’t disturbing during the ceremony
  • Guided by local guide