Makepung which in Indonesian means to pursue, is a tradition of race buffalo race that has long been attached to the people of Bali, especially in Jembrana Regency. A Regency located in the Western Bali with a distance of 2 – 3 hours from the Ngurah Rai Airport. Makepung that has existed since the 1930s was originally just a game of farmers conducted on the sidelines of the plowing of rice fields in the harvest season. At that time, they clashed quickly with a spurred buffalo attached to a cart and controlled by a jockey.
The days into years roll by , Makepung grows and more and more popular among people. Some changes occur from the number of buffalo used, the size of buffalo and cart. Makepung has become one of the most interesting cultural attractions and is widely watched by tourists including foreign tourists. Furthermore, this race of buffalo race has become an annual tourist agenda in Bali and managed professionally since 1970.
Makepung Buffalo Race
Buffalo Race Makepung
Since 1970, Makepung race is the most awaited tradition. Each year Makepung is followed by at least tens of pairs of buffalo and hundreds of others following the “buffalo fashion show”. Makepung usually in the race every August – November in some areas in Jembrana Regency. Makepung race starts in the morning around 7.30. The audience even came from all walks of life. Starting from farmers, tourists, employees, and even entrepreneurs. the total audience can reach 10,000 people.
Technical of Makepung race is every participant must be able to reach the finish line first with a U-shaped ground circuit for 1 – 2 kilometers to be a winner. In every race of Makepung, the total prize can reach almost 100 million rupiah or 7500 US Dollar. During the race, Makepung is accompanied by “Jegog” (traditional musical instrument of Jembrana Regency) made of bamboo.
Tips For Watching Makepung
- Using trekking clothes (because of the race on the road in the fields)
- Guided by local guide
- Keep the distance during the race
- You can using umbrella
Gebug Ende Bali
Gebug Ende is one of the hereditary traditions conducted by Seraya Village . The village is a village with a farming community. This village is located in Karangasem district, east of Bali or 2 hours 30 minutes from Ngurah Rai Airport. Gebug Ende is usually done every year in September or October.
History of Gebug Ende
Gebug Ende comes from two words. Gebug and Ende. Gebug means hit and Ende means shield. Gebug eventually became a war dance dedicated God Indra in the hope of being rained. It is said that ancient Krama Seraya village is war soldier King of Karangasem assigned to attack or attack a kingdom in West Lombok is the Seleparang Kingdom Because at that time the original Seraya people were immune (strong) so was made a fort by the king of Karangasem so that the Seleparang Kindom was defeated Karangasem Kingdom. Not content to fight against enemy and spirit of knight still blazing then fight with your own friends, attack each other (with and deflect with the tools brought).
Gebug Ende Weapon
Along with the development of the era then created a game dance Gebug Ende which can be played down through generations and witnessed until now. Spears, swords and shields used in ancient times were replaced with rattan and ende equipment. In addition Seraya Village is a dry area and accompanied by a dry season that never ended. The rain awaited by the public well has not shown any signs of going down. The results of the village parade resulted in a ritual begging for rainfall with Gebug Ende. According to the beliefs of this dance community needs a sacred or sacred, especially when the dance / game is one can supplement the opponent’s body by removing blood it will quickly rain.
In the tradition of Gebug Ende
Gebug Ende Karangasem
First all participants and all villagers gather together and pray for salvation during the Gebug Ende tradition. Then all gathered at the point of the tradition. After that the participants are divided into the next two they fight each other. During the war, they were accompanied by Gamelan (traditional Balinese music). Gebug Ende is getting louder with the cries of the audience plus if one of the participants is hurt.
Tips Watching Gebug Ende
- Keep distance during Gebug Ende started
- Using Balinese Clothes
- Guided with local guided
Tipat Bantal War
Tipat-Bantal War is cushion closely related to the agricultural life of the community in the Kapal Village, where this tradition is carried out as a thanksgiving to God for the life He created and the abundance of crops in Kapal Village. Tradition of Aci Rah Penganggon or Tipat-Bantal War is held every Fourth Month in Bali calendar (Sasih Kapat) around September – October.
Kapal Village is one of the traditional villages in Bali that is rich in uniqueness of customs and culture. This village located about 20 Kilometers or 40 minutes from Ngurah Rai Airport. Kapal Village is included in the District of Mengwi Badung Regency has a variety of unique and interesting traditions that are still ongoing until now. One of them is the implementation of the tradition of Aci Rah Penganggon or better known by the local people as Tipat – Bantal War
What’s Are Tipat and Bantal ?
Tipat and Bantal are processed food made from rice wrapped in woven Janur or coconut leaves are still young rectangular, while the pillow is processed foods made from glutinous rice processing which is also wrapped with woven Janur but elliptical. These two things are a symbolization of the existence of masculine energy and feminism that exist in this universe, which in Hindu concept is called Purusha – Predana.
In The Ritual Of Tipat Bantal War
Tipat Bantal War Bali
The ritual that took place at Kapal Temple was started with a prayer ceremony together by the whole Kapal Village. At the ceremony, the saints will splash the holy water to beg for the safety of the participants of this Tipat-Bantal War. Soon some men took off their shirts and shirtless. They are divided into two groups and stand face to face. After the cue began, the shirtless men began to throw the tip and the cushion into the group in front of them. The atmosphere was upset when typhus and pillows began flying in the air. Then the action of throwing Tipats and Bantals is paused. Residents began to move out of the temple and now they are preparing on the highway in front of the Kapal Temple and stood in groups, and facing each other about 15 meters.The atmosphere came again when the rituals began again. Residents throwing Tipat and Bantal was blindly screaming and laughing.
Tipat-Bantal War becomes more exciting when the spectators standing on the sidewalks take and throw the Tipat. Quite often there is a stray Tipat toward the audience or photographer who was perpetuating the moment. Some of the residents who watched shouted and took refuge.
Tips Watching Tipat Bantal War at Kapal Village
- Keep distance during the ceremony
- Using Balinese Clothes
- Don’t disturbing during the ceremony
- Guided by local guide
We know that Bali has a lot of traditions and cultures passed down by ancestors even since hundreds of years ago and not infrequently found traditions and cultures that are classified as extreme by injuring yourself. One such extreme tradition is Perang Pandan or pandanus war.
Perang Pandan / Pandan War
Pandan War is a tradition passed down from generation to generation since hundreds of years ago in a village called Tenganan Village, a village where the inhabitants are worshipers of the sense-god. This village is located in Karangasem District or 2.5 hours from the city of Denpasar City. This extreme tradition is conducted every year in June – July starting from 10 am. pandan war is done by men by rubbing pandan spines on the enemy’s body.
History of Perang Pandan Or Pandan War
In the ancient tale was a despotic and cruel King when the people of Bali Aga long before coming Majapahit people to the island of Bali. The king was named King Maya Denawa. Because he has a supernatural powers to be arrogant and consider himself a god and a renter of the people to worship the God of Indra. because he is the one who deserves to be worshiped. Because people feel the King Maya Denawa is out of bounds then people at that time appealed to God Indra to free them from the atrocities of Maya Denawa.
So the God Indra went down to the world to defeat the arrogant King Maya Denawa. The custom of fighting / war between King Maya Denawa and God Indra. But in the end King Maya Denawa can be defeated and perish over his pride. Since then the people of Tenganan Village commemorate the death of King Maya Denawa. They do the tradition of pandan war at all times to commemorate their freedom over the cruel atrocities of the Maya King of Denawa and to honor the god Indra who is also known by the Hindu community as the God of War.
- Don’t disturbing during the ceremonial procession
- -Keeping the cleanliness of the Tenganan Village
- -Using Balinese Clothes
- -Guided by a local guide
Siat Geni is a very sacred tradition and is done for generations by the Tuban Village. A Village that located in Badung Regency Bali. Siat Geni means “siat” which means fighting and “Geni” means fire. so Siat Geni means fighting with embers. Siat Geni is a tradition to worship the “Kala Geni” (myth of bali mythology) who is believed to be able to burn the evil forces and distress that exist in the Tuban Village. This tradition is done by at least 100 unmarried youth. This Tradition is done by unmarried youth because unmarried youth are still considered sacred. Siat Geni is held annually on “Purnama Kapat” or 4th full moon in every year. Over time, this tradition began to tourist attraction because of its sacredness.
Siat Geni is done at Khayangan Temple of Tuban Village. It’s about 1 km or 2 minutes from Ngurah Rai Airport precisely south of Satria Gatotkaca statue.
Siat Geni Procession
On the night of Siat Geni, all youths totaling 100 people wore custom clothing and black T-shirts. After that, all the youth gathered at the temple to worship during the war. At 8 pm before the war begins, this tradition is opened by Pendet Dance that intends to welcome the Ancestors, Gods and Kala Geni that exist in the Tuban Village. Furthermore, 100 youth were formed into 2 groups. One group is in the north and the other is in the south. Attacks are taken interchangeably, one young man from each group will run and fight one on one. They will touch the coals made of coconut fibers to the body or over the enemy’s head. This will produce a very hot spark and a thick fog of smoke. Strangely, no one of them feels heat and pain. They are believed to be protected by God during the war.
– Must wear Balinese traditional dress completely
– Keep the distance during tradition
– Do not interfere as long as tradition takes place
– Menstruating women should not enter this area
– It is advisable to invite a tour guide
Omed-omedan is a sacred kissing tradition in a village called Sesetan located in South Denpasar or 30 minutes from the Ngurah Rai Airport. This tradition is done by teenagers or unmarried aged 17-30 years. This tradition aims for close relationship between young people who are in the Sesetan Village. Omed-omedan routine done every year exactly 1 day after Nyepi Day in the Afternoon (start from 2.pm-end).
Omed-omedan is an ancestral tradition that has existed since the Dutch colonial era. Initially this was done in a small kingdom called Puri Oka. One day the king of Puri Oka had a severe illness. The king never recovered even though he had gone to several doctors. After the Nyepi day, the royal community of Puri oka made Omed-omedan game. so festive, This youth kissing game was causing a commotion. The king was very angry. by walking very slow he went out and saw what was going on. Oddly enough, after seeing the hot scene, the King no longer felt the pain, and then the king recovered as usual. The king then issued a decree to Omed-omedan routinely carried out every year. But the Dutch government forbade the tradition because it is considered to cause a commotion. After the game is not re-implemented, there are 2 big pigs fighting in place Omed-omedan usually done. Then the king and the people asked for clues to the ancestors. after that, Omed-omedan returned to the title the day after the Nyepi Day.
Before the event begins, boys and girls prayed led by Pemangku or saints. After praying, they blend into the arena that has been crowded by thousands of visitors. Then they are separated into two groups. boy and girl. Then one of the boys and girls paraded around to kiss and hug. participants should not choose a partner who will kiss them. Action kissing and hugging separated after they get a splash of water.This event accompanied by traditional music called gamelan. And a few years ago Omed-omedan began become festival and attract domestic tourists or foreign tourists. In addition to Omed-omedan attractions also dedicate the work of home industry, local food, souvenirs.
Mekotek is one of the cultural heritages that have existed since 1915. This tradition is done by the Munggu Village, Mengwi District , Bali in every 210 days. initially using a stick of iron, to avoid so that no one was injured, then in 1948 replaced using a stick of wood , whose skin has been peeled and become smooth with a length of 2 – 3,5 meters, while the original spear is stored in the temple. This tradition is followed by almost all Munggu residents, especially men between the ages of 12-60 years. They are grouped in several groups, each group of about 50 people, the wooden sticks they carry are pitted to form like a pyramid. This tradition accompanied by Balinese traditional music (gamelan).
History Of Mekotek