We know that Bali has a lot of traditions and cultures passed down by ancestors even since hundreds of years ago and not infrequently found traditions and cultures that are classified as extreme by injuring yourself. One such extreme tradition is Perang Pandan or pandanus war.
Perang Pandan / Pandan War
Pandan War is a tradition passed down from generation to generation since hundreds of years ago in a village called Tenganan Village, a village where the inhabitants are worshipers of the sense-god. This village is located in Karangasem District or 2.5 hours from the city of Denpasar City. This extreme tradition is conducted every year in June – July starting from 10 am. pandan war is done by men by rubbing pandan spines on the enemy’s body.
History of Perang Pandan Or Pandan War
In the ancient tale was a despotic and cruel King when the people of Bali Aga long before coming Majapahit people to the island of Bali. The king was named King Maya Denawa. Because he has a supernatural powers to be arrogant and consider himself a god and a renter of the people to worship the God of Indra. because he is the one who deserves to be worshiped. Because people feel the King Maya Denawa is out of bounds then people at that time appealed to God Indra to free them from the atrocities of Maya Denawa.
So the God Indra went down to the world to defeat the arrogant King Maya Denawa. The custom of fighting / war between King Maya Denawa and God Indra. But in the end King Maya Denawa can be defeated and perish over his pride. Since then the people of Tenganan Village commemorate the death of King Maya Denawa. They do the tradition of pandan war at all times to commemorate their freedom over the cruel atrocities of the Maya King of Denawa and to honor the god Indra who is also known by the Hindu community as the God of War.
- Don’t disturbing during the ceremonial procession
- -Keeping the cleanliness of the Tenganan Village
- -Using Balinese Clothes
- -Guided by a local guide
Siat Geni is a very sacred tradition and is done for generations by the Tuban Village. A Village that located in Badung Regency Bali. Siat Geni means “siat” which means fighting and “Geni” means fire. so Siat Geni means fighting with embers. Siat Geni is a tradition to worship the “Kala Geni” (myth of bali mythology) who is believed to be able to burn the evil forces and distress that exist in the Tuban Village. This tradition is done by at least 100 unmarried youth. This Tradition is done by unmarried youth because unmarried youth are still considered sacred. Siat Geni is held annually on “Purnama Kapat” or 4th full moon in every year. Over time, this tradition began to tourist attraction because of its sacredness.
Siat Geni is done at Khayangan Temple of Tuban Village. It’s about 1 km or 2 minutes from Ngurah Rai Airport precisely south of Satria Gatotkaca statue.
Siat Geni Procession
On the night of Siat Geni, all youths totaling 100 people wore custom clothing and black T-shirts. After that, all the youth gathered at the temple to worship during the war. At 8 pm before the war begins, this tradition is opened by Pendet Dance that intends to welcome the Ancestors, Gods and Kala Geni that exist in the Tuban Village. Furthermore, 100 youth were formed into 2 groups. One group is in the north and the other is in the south. Attacks are taken interchangeably, one young man from each group will run and fight one on one. They will touch the coals made of coconut fibers to the body or over the enemy’s head. This will produce a very hot spark and a thick fog of smoke. Strangely, no one of them feels heat and pain. They are believed to be protected by God during the war.
– Must wear Balinese traditional dress completely
– Keep the distance during tradition
– Do not interfere as long as tradition takes place
– Menstruating women should not enter this area
– It is advisable to invite a tour guide
Omed-omedan is a sacred kissing tradition in a village called Sesetan located in South Denpasar or 30 minutes from the Ngurah Rai Airport. This tradition is done by teenagers or unmarried aged 17-30 years. This tradition aims for close relationship between young people who are in the Sesetan Village. Omed-omedan routine done every year exactly 1 day after Nyepi Day in the Afternoon (start from 2.pm-end).
Omed-omedan is an ancestral tradition that has existed since the Dutch colonial era. Initially this was done in a small kingdom called Puri Oka. One day the king of Puri Oka had a severe illness. The king never recovered even though he had gone to several doctors. After the Nyepi day, the royal community of Puri oka made Omed-omedan game. so festive, This youth kissing game was causing a commotion. The king was very angry. by walking very slow he went out and saw what was going on. Oddly enough, after seeing the hot scene, the King no longer felt the pain, and then the king recovered as usual. The king then issued a decree to Omed-omedan routinely carried out every year. But the Dutch government forbade the tradition because it is considered to cause a commotion. After the game is not re-implemented, there are 2 big pigs fighting in place Omed-omedan usually done. Then the king and the people asked for clues to the ancestors. after that, Omed-omedan returned to the title the day after the Nyepi Day.
Before the event begins, boys and girls prayed led by Pemangku or saints. After praying, they blend into the arena that has been crowded by thousands of visitors. Then they are separated into two groups. boy and girl. Then one of the boys and girls paraded around to kiss and hug. participants should not choose a partner who will kiss them. Action kissing and hugging separated after they get a splash of water.This event accompanied by traditional music called gamelan. And a few years ago Omed-omedan began become festival and attract domestic tourists or foreign tourists. In addition to Omed-omedan attractions also dedicate the work of home industry, local food, souvenirs.
Mekotek is one of the cultural heritages that have existed since 1915. This tradition is done by the Munggu Village, Mengwi District , Bali in every 210 days. initially using a stick of iron, to avoid so that no one was injured, then in 1948 replaced using a stick of wood , whose skin has been peeled and become smooth with a length of 2 – 3,5 meters, while the original spear is stored in the temple. This tradition is followed by almost all Munggu residents, especially men between the ages of 12-60 years. They are grouped in several groups, each group of about 50 people, the wooden sticks they carry are pitted to form like a pyramid. This tradition accompanied by Balinese traditional music (gamelan).
History Of Mekotek
Story of the purnama or Full Moon Ceremony
The worship is meant when the full moon is addressed before the Sanghyang Candra, and Sanghyang Ketu as the god of brilliance to implore the perfection and the sacred light of Ida Sanghyang Widhi Wasa in various forms of Ista Dewata. Usually on this holy day, it is mentioned that Hindus give Daksina and Canang Sari to every pelinggih and pelangkiran in every house.In general among Hindus, strongly believes in the high sense of purity on the full moon, so that day is mentioned with the word “Devasa Ayu“. Therefore, every coming of the holy days that coincide with the full moon then the implementation of the ceremony is called, “Nadi“. But in fact not every day Purnama called ayu depending also from Patemon dina in calculation wariga. Continue reading
Literally means warrior formation, Baris is a warrior dance usually danced by men. The movements are dramatic. It is hard to distinguish whether it is the dancer that follows the orchestra, or the other way around. Or you can say that they both go off into their own dimensions, yet at certain well-defined points, meet to create an astounding tapestry. The dancers wear elaborate head decoration, from a gold-colored head band to leaves and strings of cempaka blossoms. Variants of this dance are sometimes danced by children and women.
The body of the deceased will be placed as if sleeping, and the family will continue to treat the deceased as sleeping. No tears are shed, because the deceased is only temporarily not present and will reincarnate or find his final rest in Moksha (freeing from the reincarnation and death cycle).
The proper day of the Ngaben ceremony is always a matter of consulting a specialist on ceremony days. On the day of the ceremony, the body of the deceased is placed inside a coffin. This coffin is placed inside a sarcophagus resembling a buffalo (Lembu) or in a temple structure (Wadah) made of paper and wood. The buffalo or temple structure will be carried to the cremation site in a procession. The procession of Ngaben is not walking in a straight line. This is to confuse bad spirits and keep them away from the deceased.
Ngaben is one of the most important ceremonies in Bali. Because human body is consist of 10 basic elements. One 5 elements we call as Panca Maha Butha or five macro cosmos element: Pertiwi (soil), Apah (water), Teja (fire), Bayu (air) and Akasa (ether or space). And the other 5 memories elements we call as Panca Tan Matra which is the five elements that influence us from our sense which is consist of: Ganda (from the nose or smell), Rasa (from the tongue), Rupa (from the eyes), Sparsa (from the skin sense), Sabda (from the ears). Continue reading